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Published on 13 Jun 2024

High Performance Computing: All You Need to Know



Updated: 24 Jun 2024

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The Global High-Performance Computing market is expected to reach $107.8 billion by 2028, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.6% from 2023 to 2028. This growth is highly driven by the increasing demand for high-performance computing across industries such as healthcare, energy, manufacturing and finance. HPC involves breaking down complex problems into smaller parts and distributing the workload across multiple processors or nodes, which work in parallel to solve the problem more efficiently. This parallel processing approach with high-speed interconnects and specialised hardware allow HPC systems to achieve unprecedented levels of performance and speed, often crtitical in industries like healthcare and finance. Continue reading to know all about High Performance Computing.

What is High Performance Computing?

High Performance Computing, also known as HPC, refers to the use of parallel processing techniques and specialised hardware to perform computationally intensive tasks faster than traditional computing systems. HPC systems are designed to handle large-scale problems that require massive amounts of data processing and computational power.

Components of an HPC System

An HPC system consists of several key components that work together to deliver high computational performance such as:

  • Processors: GPUs for High Performance Computing have the ability to perform massively parallel computations, particularly in areas like machine learning and scientific simulations.
  • Memory: High-performance computing requires large amounts of memory to store and manipulate vast datasets. HPC systems typically employ high-speed memory technologies, such as DDR RAM or High Bandwidth Memory (HBM), to ensure efficient data access and minimise bottlenecks. That’s why you need to opt for a GPU with high memory bandwidth to tackle massive AI/ML workloads. 
  • Storage: With the generation of massive amounts of data, HPC systems require scalable and high-performance storage solutions. This can include parallel file systems, high-speed solid-state drives (SSDs), and hierarchical storage management systems.
  • Interconnects: To facilitate efficient communication between processors and nodes, HPC systems rely on high-speed interconnects, such as InfiniBand or high-speed Ethernet, which enable low-latency and high-bandwidth data transfer. 

Types of HPC Systems:

HPC systems come in various forms, each designed to meet specific computational needs and budgets including:

  • Supercomputers: Supercomputers are the traditional approach to HPC systems. They have massive computational power and are designed to tackle the most complex and data-intensive problems. They are typically employed in national laboratories, research centers, and large organisations with significant computational demands.
  • Clusters: HPC clusters consist of multiple interconnected nodes or servers, working together as a single system. Clusters are more cost-effective than supercomputers and can be scaled to meet varying computational requirements.
  • Cloud Computing: Cloud-based platforms like Hyperstack provide on-demand access to scalable computing resources. So, you can leverage HPC capabilities without the need for significant upfront investments in hardware and infrastructure. 

Benefits of HPC

High Performance Computing offer several benefits to organisations such as:

Accelerated Solutions

High-Performance Computing (HPC) systems are designed to tackle intricate and computationally intensive problems that would take conventional systems an impractically long time to solve. By leveraging parallel processing and distributed computing, HPC environments can significantly accelerate the time required to find solutions to complex challenges.

Simulations and Modelling

HPC systems provide the computational power necessary to simulate and model large-scale phenomena, such as weather patterns, molecular dynamics, fluid dynamics, and astrophysical events. These simulations aid in understanding complex systems and predicting their behavior, enabling researchers and scientists to gain valuable insights.

Vast Amounts of Data

With the exponential growth of data in various fields, HPC systems are crucial for processing and analysing vast volumes of data efficiently. They enable data-intensive operations, such as big data analytics, machine learning, and scientific data processing, to be performed in a timely and accurate manner.

Scientific Breakthroughs

By providing the computational power required for advanced research and development, HPC systems play a pivotal role in facilitating scientific breakthroughs and driving innovations across various domains, including medicine, energy, manufacturing, and aerospace. They enable researchers to explore new frontiers and push the boundaries of knowledge.

Applications of HPC

The applications of HPC span a wide range of domains, each benefiting from the computational power and efficiency offered by these systems:

  • Scientific Research: HPC is essential in fields like high-energy physics, astrophysics, climate modeling, and computational biology, where researchers rely on simulations and data analysis to advance scientific knowledge.
  • Engineering and Manufacturing: Engineers and designers leverage HPC systems for simulations, modeling, and design optimisation, enabling them to test and evaluate product designs virtually, reducing development costs and time-to-market.
  • Finance and Economics: Financial institutions and economists utilise HPC for risk analysis, portfolio optimisation, and complex financial modeling, helping them make informed investment decisions and manage risk more effectively.
  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: HPC systems are crucial for large AI model training and enabling advanced machine learning algorithms, driving innovations in areas such as computer vision, natural language processing, and autonomous systems.
  • Big Data Analytics: With the exponential growth of data, HPC systems play a vital role in processing and analysing massive datasets, enabling organisations to extract valuable insights and make data-driven decisions.
  • Cybersecurity: HPC systems are employed in cybersecurity applications, helping to safeguard sensitive information and maintain data integrity. 

Challenges of HPC

While the benefits of HPC are undeniable, there are several challenges and considerations to address:

  • High Costs: Implementing and maintaining HPC systems can be expensive, requiring significant investments in hardware, software and infrastructure. Keeping this mind, we offer users access to high-end NVIDIA GPUs where you only pay for what you use. 
  • Power Consumption and Cooling: HPC systems consume substantial amounts of energy and generate significant heat, necessitating efficient cooling solutions and increasing operational costs. GPUs offer Max Thermal Design Power (TDP) that represents the maximum amount of heat they can generate under load. Higher TDP values require more robust cooling mechanisms to prevent overheating and ensure stable performance. 
  • Data Management and Storage: Managing and storing the vast amounts of data generated by HPC systems presents challenges in terms of data transfer, backup, and archiving.
  • Security and Privacy Concerns: As HPC systems handle sensitive and valuable data, robust security measures and protocols are essential to protect against potential breaches and unauthorised access.


As computational demands continue to grow, the adoption of HPC systems has become imperative for maintaining a competitive edge. However, addressing challenges such as cost, power consumption, data management and security is critical for the sustainable growth and widespread adoption of HPC solutions. At Hyperstack, we offer the tools to develop a range of HPC solutions on cutting-edge NVIDIA GPUs like the NVIDIA A100, NVIDIA H100 PCIe and the NVIDIA RTX A6000. Our scalable solutions allow you to tackle compute-intensive workloads with ease.

Accelerate HPC Workloads with Hyperstack's Unmatched Performance. Sign up now!


What is the difference between HPC and traditional computing?

The difference between HPC and traditional computing is:

  • HPC systems are designed to handle computationally intensive tasks by leveraging parallel processing techniques and specialised hardware. 
  • Traditional computing systems rely on sequential processing and are better suited for general-purpose computing tasks.

What are the key components of an HPC system?

The main components of an HPC system include high-performance processors (such as GPUs), large amounts of high-speed memory, scalable storage solutions, and high-speed interconnects for efficient data transfer between nodes.

What is the best GPU for HPC workloads?

The NVIDIA H100 PCIe GPU is considered one of the best GPUs for HPC workloads, offering exceptional performance, high memory bandwidth and advanced features like Transformer Engine and Multi-Instance GPU (MIG) support. Check out GPU Pricing for NVIDIA H100 PCIe here!


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